Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ›› 2021, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 397-402.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-4344.2988

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Herbert screw internal fixation for treating adult osteochondritis dissecans of the knees

Wang Xiaofei1, Teng Xueren2, Cong Linyan1, Zhou Xu1, Ma Zhenhua2   

  1. 1Dalian Medical University, Dalian  116044, Liaoning Province, China; 2Department of Bone, Joint and Sports Meicine, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao  266071, Shandong Province, China
  • Received:2020-02-26 Revised:2020-03-05 Accepted:2020-04-21 Online:2021-01-28 Published:2020-11-17
  • Contact: Ma Zhenhua, Master, Associate chief physician, Department of Bone, Joint and Sports Medicine, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao 266071, Shandong Province, China
  • About author:Wang Xiaofei, Master, Physician, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, Liaoning Province, China

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee in adults may lead to local instability of articular cartilage and subchondral bone. If it is not treated in time, it will have a secondary impact on articular cartilage, and the probability of osteoarthritis of knee joint is significantly increased. At present, there is no clear treatment plan. 
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of knee arthroscopy combined with Herbert bidirectional compression screw internal fixation for osteochondritis dissecans of the knee.  
METHODS: Adult patients who met the diagnostic criteria of osteochondritis dissecans of the knee from June 2014 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and those with other knee joint diseases were excluded. There were 43 patients treated, including 25 males and 18 females. All patients were treated with knee arthroscopy combined with Herbert two-way compression screw internal fixation. All patients were adults, aged 18-53 years, with an average age of (29.00±4.62) years. All patients had unilateral knee joint disease, including 19 cases of the left limb and 24 cases of the right limb. Before treatment and at final follow-up, knee motion range was compared. Visual analogue scale score was used to evaluate knee pain. Knee Lysholm score was used to evaluate knee function. 
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Of the 43 patients, 35 completed the follow-up time of more than 1 year, and the follow-up time was 12-20 months, with an average of (14.0±2.5) months. None of the patients had related complications. (2) Knee joint pain and function improved significantly in all patients after surgery. The mean knee motion range before operation was (109.57±12.45)°, and (126.39±13.73)° at the final follow-up (t=-56.72, P < 0.001). Visual analogue scale score was (5.53±1.47) before surgery and (0.79±1.35) (t=-137.51, P < 0.001) after surgery. Mean Lysholm score was (58.27±10.51) before surgery, and (89.36±5.43) postoperatively (t=-163.65, P < 0.001). (3) Knee arthroscopy combined with Herbert’s two-way compression screw internal fixation for adult osteochondritis dissecans of knee has reliable fixation and small surgical trauma, which can significantly improve knee function, and the clinical effect is satisfactory.

Key words: bone, knee joint, arthroscopy, internal fixation, screw, exfoliative chondritis, pain, motion range

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